All About Regulatory Updates: TCPA, STIR/SHAKEN, and More

November 15, 2023    Comment off

In the ever-evolving landscape of telecommunications, staying abreast of regulatory updates is crucial for businesses and consumers alike. Recent years have seen significant changes, particularly with the implementation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) and the STIR/SHAKEN framework. These regulations, along with others, play a pivotal role in shaping the industry’s future, ensuring consumer protection, and fostering a more secure and reliable communication environment.

Understanding the TCPA: A Consumer Protection Landmark

The TCPA, established in 1991, is a critical piece of legislation in the United States that aims to safeguard consumer privacy. It restricts telemarketing calls, the use of automatic dialing systems, prerecorded voice messages, SMS text messages, and fax machines. The act is enforced by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and it has undergone several updates to keep pace with the changing technology landscape.

Key Provisions of the TCPA:

  • Consent Requirement: Businesses must obtain prior express consent from consumers before making automated calls or sending texts for marketing purposes.
  • Do-Not-Call Registry: Consumers can opt-out of telemarketing calls by adding their phone numbers to this registry.
  • Time Restrictions: Telemarketers are restricted from calling consumers during certain hours.
  • Penalties: Violations of the TCPA can result in hefty fines, making compliance essential for businesses.

STIR/SHAKEN: Combating Caller ID Spoofing

STIR (Secure Telephone Identity Revisited) and SHAKEN (Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs) are protocols designed to combat caller ID spoofing, a tactic often used in robocalls and phone scams. Implemented in 2019, this framework ensures that calls traveling through networks have their caller ID authenticated, thus increasing call trustworthiness.


  • Call Origination: When a call is initiated, the originating telephone service provider verifies the caller’s identity.
  • Digital Signature: A digital signature is attached to the call’s identity.
  • Verification on the Receiving End: The receiving service provider verifies the signature to confirm the call’s authenticity.
  • Consumer Protection: Calls with verified IDs are marked as authentic, helping consumers to trust the caller’s identity.

Other Notable Regulatory Updates

Robocall Mitigation:

In addition to STIR/SHAKEN, the FCC has mandated service providers to implement robocall mitigation programs. These programs are designed to detect, analyze, and block illegal robocalls.

Privacy Regulations:

Globally, privacy regulations like the GDPR in Europe and CCPA in California have set new standards for data protection and consumer rights, impacting how telecommunication companies handle personal data.


Regulations ensuring telecommunications accessibility for people with disabilities have also been updated, ensuring inclusivity in communication technologies.

The Impact on Businesses and Consumers

For Businesses:

  • Compliance: Adhering to these regulations is essential to avoid legal repercussions and fines.
  • Consumer Trust: By following these guidelines, businesses can build trust with their customers.
  • Innovation: Regulations often drive innovation, pushing companies to develop new, compliant technologies.

For Consumers:

  • Privacy and Protection: These regulations provide a shield against unwanted calls and scams.
  • Control: Consumers have more control over their communication preferences and personal data.
  • Awareness: Understanding these regulations empowers consumers to make informed decisions.

The landscape of telecommunication regulations like TCPA and STIR/SHAKEN is dynamic and complex. These regulations are not just legal requirements; they are tools for building a more secure, trustworthy, and consumer-friendly communication environment. As technology continues to evolve, so will these regulations, and staying informed is key for both businesses and consumers.